An Overview on Skin Lighteners

Everybody is yearning for an even and flawless skin tone. With the exception of babies and some few lucky people, many of us are forced to tolerate the zit or acne marks, uneven tone of the skin because of tanning and other related blemishes. Individuals in equatorial and tropical countries have a natural endowment of a unique complexion compared to those nearing the poles.

Whereas the larger part of the western world is characterized by the use of tanning products, people in other countries spend more money on the products that lighten the skin. A fair, light skin is highly desired in some countries. Creams that lighten the skin are as well required within the white population for correction of uneven tone of the skin. This article helps you understand their working details and incorporates some reviews that could help you select the best product.

How Skin Lighteners Work

The skin tone results from the melanin production within the skin. Your skin tone is determined by melanin concentration within the skin. Less melanin results in a light skin tone. People have dark complexion possess abundant melanin within their skin. Exercising control over your skin’s melanin production can significantly change the tone of your skin. This can be accomplished through the use of chemical or herbal ingredients. Such ingredients reduce melanin production and so results in a lighter skin. Depending on the concentration and nature of any given ingredients, you could anticipate some effects of face whitening creams after a few weeks to a span of many months.


The skin lightening creams could be of chemical or herbal origin. Extraction of the herbal ingredients is done from some plant sources like scutellaria, mulberry, licorice and arbutin. These ingredients have efficient bleaching effects if combined together. They often slow down melanin production through inhibition of the tyrosinase enzyme. The result is noticed after regular use for two weeks. One example of these products is Hydroquinone cream.

Hydroquinone Skin Lightener

Hydroquinone cream is a popular choice used these days for skin lightening. It can also treat skin disorders like hyperpigmentation, melasma, acne or liver spots. It is also referred to as benzene-1, 4-diol with C6H4(OH)2 asthe chemical formulae or just referred to as quinol. It has aromatic properties and is a phenol type organic compound.

It can be used as a skin moisturizer or cleanser. It can as well be used as a bleaching cream for hyperpigmentation and melasma. In the US, you can purchase over-the-counter form, which has a hydroquinone concentration of up to 2%. This is safe and serves as a cream to lighten the skin without any allergic reactions. It could be used for freckle whitening.

Hydroquinone 4, often recommended by some dermatologists, could be used for skin lightening and also in the treatment of skin disorders like the acne scars. Its high concentration puts an individual to more risks of the resulting side effects like cancer.

Hydroquinone Products

Hydroquinone CreamHydroquinone is more commonly used as a cream to trigger bleaching on the dark spots and also in the products intended for skin lightening. Women using sunscreen lotions or more of the beauty care creams are likely to use creams containing this chemical. It is as well used in the hair conditioners, face creams, and skin moisturizer products. Research reveals that tocopherol linoleate plus other chemicals with the prefix ‘toco’ contain hydroquinone. Places like Saudi Arabia and some other nations within Africa makes about 30% of the world’s total population that puts the cream to use for the purposes of skin lightening.

Side Effects of Hydroquinone

Hydroquinone can lighten the skin through lowering of melanin pigments, and in this way, increases the risk of skin exposure to UVA or UVB rays. Exposure to ultraviolet triggers carcinogenic effects and skin cancer risks. The U.S. Cosmetics Ingredient Review Panel mentions the dangers associated with its inclusion within products like skin care or any other products that require frequent use.

Hydroquinone can possibly harm one’s endocrine system. It might as well trigger some disorders like neurotoxicity or reproductive toxicity. This chemical can as well lead to ochronosis which is a skin order involving black pigment formation within the skin. Its use has been banned by the members of the European Union because of the risks that are involved.
FDA reviews state that the presence of hydroquinone makes such creams to be potentially carcinogenic. A study done on rodents indicated that it causes leukemia, anisokaryosis, hepatocellular, leukemia and adenoma. There are people reported to have experienced rashes on the faces and tingling sensation after using hydroquinone creams. Usage during the day has in some situations lead to hyperpigmentation on cheekbones or on one’s face.

There is some ongoing debate between those in support and against the use of this chemical. Those in favor of the same mention that hydroquinone is not orally administered and that small amounts don’t lead to cancer. Those against the use say that its cancer triggering risks renders it unsafe for use even in limited amounts. Consulting a dermatologist is always better. Follow the listed direction of the given product too. Though such creams are popular products for lightening of the skin disorders, the side effects can never be ignored. It can be preventive if used in small quantities and as directed. Do not use it more frequently. Long time use is an invitation to trouble.

When buying any kind of the skin lightening creams, make sure that they are both non-irritant and non-allergic. Other skin creams often trigger rash and can possibly result in skin darkening at the end and this will defeat the entire purpose. It is a good practice to examine the product labels before purchase so as to ensure your skin’s safety. The best products for skin lightening are more popular because of their skin lightening formula that is result oriented. Such products cause skin lightening in addition to nourishing and rejuvenating it. There are products catering for the needs of some specific types of skin. The skin lighteners meant for the black women is for instance formulated with a consideration of colored women’s skin texture.