Skin Lightening Solutions For Melasma

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Melasma is a skin condition that causes uneven brown to gray-brown areas on the face. Most people get melasma on their cheeks, forehead, nose, above their upper lip, and chin. It can appear in other areas of the body that get a lot of sun exposure, like the neck and forearms.

One of the most best treatments for melasma is protection from the sun. Applying sunscreen before you go out everyday is very important, even on days when it is overcast because the sun’s radiation can penetrate through the clouds. The sunscreen should be reapplied every two hours because when you sweat, it comes off.

Woman applying sunscreenA hat with a wide brim should also be worn whenever you are outside because sunscreen may not give you comprehensive protection.

Women get melasma at a greater rate than men. Of the people who have melasma, about 90 percent of them are women. A lot of women develop this when they are pregnant.

That is why melasma is often referred to as teh “mask of pregnancy”. Melasma may be triggered by hormones. It does not have any other physical symptoms like pain or itchiness.

However, people just do not like how it looks on their face. For women who want flawless skin, these blotchy, dark patches of color make them feel self-conscious and embarrassed.

People of certain ethnic groups who have darker skin also are more prone to getting melasma. This population would include people of who are descendents from Africa, Asia, India, the Middle East, and the mediterranean countries. Melasma may be genetic. People who comes from a family that has other members with melasma are more likely to develop it.

Medical researchers are not quite sure what exactly causes melasma. They do hypothesize that it happens when the the skins melanocytes produce too much pigment, which is melanin. People with darker skin have melanocytes that are more actrive, producing more color, than people of lighter skin. So the chances of darker skinned people developing melasma is greater.

melasmaThere are things that can trigger melasma. Exposure to the sun’s UV rays is a common trigger. The sun stimulates the melanocytes into producing melanin. It does not take much sun exposure to trigger it.

That is why so many people have problems with melasma during the summer time. People who are prone to melasma get it repeatly. So this is a long-term problem.

Hormones can play a role in the development of melasma. Hormone changes occur when a woman is pregnant. Other things that can affect a woman’s level of hormones are birth control pills and hormone replacement drugs. Those things can trigger the onset of melasma.

Melasma can be worsen by some skin care products that cause skin irritation. That is why people who suffer from melasma should use products for sensitive skin.

A dermatologist can confirm if you have melasma by looking at your skin. Using an instrument called a Wood’s light, he can determine how deep your melasma goes beneath your skin. Because melasma resembles other skin conditions, your doctor may take a skin biopsy to make a correct diagnosis.

if the melasma was caused because of a trigger, like the change in hormones from taking birth control or pregnancy, then it may fade on its own after the birth of the baby or after birth control is stopped. If melasma is chronic, then other treatment can help.

HydroquinoneOne such treatment is using a cream that contains hydroquinone. This is the most common treatment. The cream is applied to the skin to block the skin’s production of melanin.

As your old, discolored skin sheds, the new skin that has less melanin comes to the surface. Your skin will appear lighter.

Creams can also contain tretinoin and corticosteroids to enhance the ligthening effect. This is used in conjunction with the hydroquinone. The combination of these formulate an effect treatment plan.

Products containing kojic acid or azelaic acid are other options. Your dermatologist can determine what is the best course of treatment for you.

When you undergo treatment, you will need to monitor how your skin reacts to the treatment. If there is any adverse reaction, you should notify your dermatologist right away. Side effects to watch out for include irritation of your skin or an even more darkening of the area.

It will take time for melasma to fade and subside. It is vital that all instructions from the doctor be followed accurately. The skin products used contain potent ingredients, so the dosage must be followed closely. Never try to speed up the process by applying more medicine or more frequently because that may lead to undesirable side effects.

applying sunblockAfter the melasma clears up, you may need to see your dermatologist regularly in order to maintain it. Maintenance therapy will keep melasma under control. It may require the regularly usage of particular skin creams and products. Again, your doctor’s instructions should be followed closely.

As mentioned earlier, you must protect your skin from sun exposure. The sunscreen you use should be broad spectrum. That means it can block both the UVA and UVB radiation, not just one of them. Certain sunblock ingredients can block both spectrums.

These are avobenzone, mexoryl, titanium dioxide and zinc. Your sunscreen should have one or more of these active ingredients in its formulation.

Melasma can be lightened if you follow your doctor’s advice and use the right products. Give it time, and your skin will look better in no time.

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